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基于Spring Spring MVC+Mybatis构建高性能java web后台管理系统

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用最合适的技术去实现,并不断追求最佳实践。这就是架构之道。

希望这篇文章能给你们带来一些帮助,同时希望你们可以为这个项目贡献你的想法。

看我们的项目结构:

是一个典型的Maven 项目 :

src/main/java:存放java源文件
src/main/resources:存放程序资源、配置文件
src/test/java:存放测试代码文件
src/main/webapp:web根目录
pom.xml : maven项目配置文件,管理依赖,编译,打包

主要的后端架构:Spring + Spring MVC + Mybatis + Apache Shiro

前端界面主要使用MetroNic 模板,

先看我们搭建完成,跑起来的效果,这样你才有兴趣看下去:

1、首先创建 maven 项目 ,用 idea 、eclipse 或 mvn 命令行都行 

2、配置 pom.xml ,添加框架依赖

<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation=" http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd"> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> <groupId>com.eliteams</groupId> <artifactId>quick4j</artifactId> <packaging>war</packaging> <version>1.0.0</version> <name>quick4j App</name> <url>https://github.com/starzou/quick4j</url> <build> <finalName>quick4j</finalName> <plugins> <!-- Mybatis generator代码生成插件 配置 --> <plugin> <groupId>org.mybatis.generator</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis-generator-maven-plugin</artifactId> <version>${plugin.mybatis.generator}</version> <configuration> <configurationFile>${mybatis.generator.generatorConfig.xml}</configurationFile> <overwrite>true</overwrite> <verbose>true</verbose> </configuration> </plugin> <!--Maven编译插件 配置--> <plugin> <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId> <version>${plugin.maven-compiler}</version> <configuration> <source>${project.build.jdk}</source> <target>${project.build.jdk}</target> <encoding>${project.build.sourceEncoding}</encoding> </configuration> </plugin> </plugins> <!--配置Maven 对resource文件 过滤 --> <resources> <resource> <directory>src/main/resources</directory> <includes> <include>**/*.properties</include> <include>**/*.xml</include> </includes> <filtering>true</filtering> </resource> <resource> <directory>src/main/java</directory> <includes> <include>**/*.properties</include> <include>**/*.xml</include> </includes> <filtering>true</filtering> </resource> </resources> </build> <properties> <!-- base setting --> <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding> <project.build.locales>zh_CN</project.build.locales> <project.build.jdk>1.7</project.build.jdk> <!-- plugin setting --> <mybatis.generator.generatorConfig.xml>${basedir}/src/test/resources/generatorConfig.xml</mybatis.generator.generatorConfig.xml> <mybatis.generator.generatorConfig.properties>file:///${basedir}/src/test/resources/generatorConfig.properties</mybatis.generator.generatorConfig.properties> <!-- plugin versions --> <plugin.mybatis.generator>1.3.1</plugin.mybatis.generator> <plugin.maven-compiler>3.1</plugin.maven-compiler> <!-- lib versions --> <junit.version>4.11</junit.version> <spring.version>4.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version> <mybatis.version>3.2.2</mybatis.version> <mybatis.spring.version>1.2.2</mybatis.spring.version> <mysql.connector.version>5.1.30</mysql.connector.version> <postgresql.version>9.1-901.jdbc4</postgresql.version> <slf4j.version>1.6.6</slf4j.version> <log4j.version>1.2.12</log4j.version> <httpclient.version>4.1.2</httpclient.version> <jackson.version>1.9.13</jackson.version> <c3p0.version>0.9.1.2</c3p0.version> <druid.version>1.0.5</druid.version> <tomcat.jdbc.version>7.0.53</tomcat.jdbc.version> <jstl.version>1.2</jstl.version> <google.collections.version>1.0</google.collections.version> <cglib.version>3.1</cglib.version> <shiro.version>1.2.3</shiro.version> <commons.fileupload.version>1.3.1</commons.fileupload.version> <commons.codec.version>1.9</commons.codec.version> <commons.net.version>3.3</commons.net.version> <aspectj.version>1.6.12</aspectj.version> <netty.version>4.0.18.Final</netty.version> <hibernate.validator.version>5.1.1.Final</hibernate.validator.version> </properties> <dependencies> <!-- junit --> <dependency> <groupId>junit</groupId> <artifactId>junit</artifactId> <version>${junit.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- springframe start --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId> <version>${spring.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- springframe end --> <!-- mybatis start--> <dependency> <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId> <version>${mybatis.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId> <version>${mybatis.spring.version}</version> </dependency> <!--mybatis end--> <!-- mysql-connector --> <dependency> <groupId>mysql</groupId> <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId> <version>${mysql.connector.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- DruidDataSource --> <dependency> <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId> <artifactId>druid</artifactId> <version>${druid.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- jackson --> <dependency> <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId> <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId> <version>${jackson.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- log start --> <dependency> <groupId>log4j</groupId> <artifactId>log4j</artifactId> <version>${log4j.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId> <version>${slf4j.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId> <version>${slf4j.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- log end --> <!-- servlet api --> <dependency> <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId> <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId> <version>3.0.1</version> <scope>provided</scope> </dependency> <!-- jstl --> <dependency> <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId> <artifactId>jstl</artifactId> <version>${jstl.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- start apache --> <dependency> <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId> <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId> <version>${commons.fileupload.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId> <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId> <version>${httpclient.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>commons-codec</groupId> <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId> <version>${commons.codec.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>commons-net</groupId> <artifactId>commons-net</artifactId> <version>${commons.net.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>commons-logging</groupId> <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId> <version>1.1.3</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>commons-collections</groupId> <artifactId>commons-collections</artifactId> <version>3.2.1</version> </dependency> <!-- end apache --> <!-- google --> <dependency> <groupId>com.google.collections</groupId> <artifactId>google-collections</artifactId> <version>${google.collections.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- cglib --> <dependency> <groupId>cglib</groupId> <artifactId>cglib-nodep</artifactId> <version>${cglib.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- shiro --> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId> <artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId> <version>${shiro.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId> <artifactId>shiro-ehcache</artifactId> <version>${shiro.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId> <artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId> <version>${shiro.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId> <artifactId>shiro-web</artifactId> <version>${shiro.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId> <artifactId>shiro-quartz</artifactId> <version>${shiro.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- aspectjweaver --> <dependency> <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId> <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId> <version>${aspectj.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId> <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId> <version>${aspectj.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- hibernate-validator --> <dependency> <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId> <artifactId>hibernate-validator</artifactId> <version>${hibernate.validator.version}</version> </dependency> <!-- netty --> <dependency> <groupId>io.netty</groupId> <artifactId>netty-all</artifactId> <version>${netty.version}</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.mybatis.generator</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis-generator-core</artifactId> <version>1.3.2</version> <type>jar</type> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> </project>

3、配置web.xml

#p#分页标题#e#

web.xml是一个项目的核心,看看它的一些配置:
配置 ContextLoaderListener 监听器
配置Spring字符编码过滤器
配置shiro 安全过滤器
配置Spring MVC 核心控制器 DispatcherServlet
配置一些页面

spring 和 apache shiro 是由一个 ContextLoaderListener 监听器 加载的配置文件,并初始化


4、spring配置:

messages.properties : hibernate-validator 配置文件,国际化资源文件

#p#分页标题#e#

sql文件

/* SQLyog 企业版 - MySQL GUI v8.14 MySQL - 5.5.27 : Database - quick4j ********************************************************************* */ /*!40101 SET NAMES utf8 */; /*!40101 SET SQL_MODE=''*/; /*!40014 SET @[email protected]@UNIQUE_CHECKS, UNIQUE_CHECKS=0 */; /*!40014 SET @[email protected]@FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS, FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 */; /*!40101 SET @[email protected]@SQL_MODE, SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO' */; /*!40111 SET @[email protected]@SQL_NOTES, SQL_NOTES=0 */; CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/`quick4j` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 */; USE `quick4j`; /*Table structure for table `permission` */ DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `permission`; CREATE TABLE `permission` ( `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '权限id', `permission_name` varchar(32) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '权限名', `permission_sign` varchar(128) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '权限标识,程序中判断使用,如"user:create"', `description` varchar(256) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '权限描述,UI界面显示使用', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 CHECKSUM=1 DELAY_KEY_WRITE=1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC COMMENT='权限表'; /*Data for the table `permission` */ insert into `permission`(`id`,`permission_name`,`permission_sign`,`description`) values (1,'用户新增','user:create',NULL); /*Table structure for table `role` */ DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `role`; CREATE TABLE `role` ( `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '角色id', `role_name` varchar(32) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '角色名', `role_sign` varchar(128) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '角色标识,程序中判断使用,如"admin"', `description` varchar(256) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '角色描述,UI界面显示使用', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 CHECKSUM=1 DELAY_KEY_WRITE=1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC COMMENT='角色表'; /*Data for the table `role` */ insert into `role`(`id`,`role_name`,`role_sign`,`description`) values (1,'admin','admin','管理员'); /*Table structure for table `role_permission` */ DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `role_permission`; CREATE TABLE `role_permission` ( `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '表id', `role_id` bigint(20) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '角色id', `permission_id` bigint(20) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '权限id', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 CHECKSUM=1 DELAY_KEY_WRITE=1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC COMMENT='角色与权限关联表'; /*Data for the table `role_permission` */ insert into `role_permission`(`id`,`role_id`,`permission_id`) values (1,2,1); /*Table structure for table `user` */ DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user`; CREATE TABLE `user` ( `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '用户id', `username` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '用户名', `password` char(64) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '密码', `state` varchar(32) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '状态', `create_time` datetime DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '创建时间', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 CHECKSUM=1 DELAY_KEY_WRITE=1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC COMMENT='用户表'; /*Data for the table `user` */ insert into `user`(`id`,`username`,`password`,`state`,`create_time`) values (1,'starzou','8d969eef6ecad3c29a3a629280e686cf0c3f5d5a86aff3ca12020c923adc6c92',NULL,'2014-07-17 12:59:08'); /*Table structure for table `user_role` */ DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user_role`; CREATE TABLE `user_role` ( `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '表id', `user_id` bigint(20) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '用户id', `role_id` bigint(20) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '角色id', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 CHECKSUM=1 DELAY_KEY_WRITE=1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC COMMENT='用户与角色关联表'; /*Data for the table `user_role` */ insert into `user_role`(`id`,`user_id`,`role_id`) values (1,1,1); /*!40101 SET [email protected]_SQL_MODE */; /*!40014 SET [email protected]_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS */; /*!40014 SET [email protected]_UNIQUE_CHECKS */; /*!40111 SET [email protected]_SQL_NOTES */;

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